Since ancient times, St. John's wort has been known for its medicinal properties, before it was harvested in the field, but now it is not at all difficult to grow it right in your country house.
- growing St. John's wort in the country: sowing, caring for the plant
- useful properties of St. John's wort
- the use of St. John's wort in folk medicine, recipes
- contraindications and side effects of St. John's wort
Growing St. John's wort in the country: sowing, care
St. John's wort begins to germinate at a temperature of five to six degrees above zero. It is optimal to sow it either in autumn or early spring. The most comfortable temperature for seed germination is 20 degrees above zero.
It is optimal to plant saplings of St. John's wort seeds, but if you need a large number of plants, then you can plant seeds. The seeds are sold in stores, or can be ordered from summer residents on the Internet.
Sowing the seeds of St. John's wort requires a well-cleared land from weeds, it is best if onions or carrots have grown here before. There is no need to prepare the land especially, everything is the same as with other plants: plow, fertilize, harrow as needed, if the earth is compacted. The seeds should be sown in rows at intervals of about 30 centimeters.
Sowing in the winter provides earlier shoots of St. John's wort, a richer harvest.
In the first year, St. John's wort does not bloom. It is a perennial plant. This year, you should weed the rows of St. John's wort three times, since the young plant is much more vulnerable. Thus, weeds interfere with the intensive growth of St. John's wort.
Harvesting is necessary during the flowering period of St. John's wort, namely in the period from late June to early July.
Two crops are usually harvested during the summer. To do this, you need to cut off the tops with flowers about thirty centimeters long, you must immediately dry the plant, as otherwise it will turn black and be unusable. After about a month, you can harvest a second crop.
Useful properties of St. John's wort
St. John's wort is known in folk medicine as a storehouse of useful substances and an assistant in many diseases.
Since ancient times, St. John's wort is known for its healing properties and, as they said before, heals 99 diseases!
Of course, in one article it is difficult to talk about all the wonderful properties of this plant. Let's dwell on some of them, the most popular and famous.
St. John's wort is also used in traditional medicine as an expectorant and anti-inflammatory agent, and is also used for gum disease, colic and cough.
Among the people, the use of St. John's wort is more extensive. St. John's wort is used for internal and external use. Inside, it is taken as a hemostatic agent for uterine bleeding, for renal disease, kidney disease, as an anthelmintic, as well as for cardiovascular diseases.
When applied externally, St. John's wort is used as an additive to water when bathing children suffering from diathesis and other skin diseases, rash, cutaneous tuberculosis. For breast disease in women, compresses are used.
St. John's wort recipes
As mentioned earlier, St. John's wort has healing properties, but for the treatment of various diseases, various forms of preparation of a medicine from St. John's wort are required.
For the treatment of the skin, in particular, diathesis, rash, burns, St. John's wort oil is used.
To prepare the oil, you will need:
- 20 grams of St. John's wort flowers
- 200 grams of flaxseed or sunflower oil
Pour the flowers of St. John's wort with vegetable oil, put in a cool, dark room, insist for two weeks, shaking occasionally.
The oil will be bright red. Strain and lubricate the affected skin.
For diseases of the mammary glands and for bathing children, a decoction of St. John's wort is used.
Inside take alcohol tincture (extract).
To prepare the extract, you will need:
- 4 tablespoons dry herb St. John's wort
- 100 ml of alcohol
Pour the herb with alcohol and leave for ten days in a cool, dark room, strain. To take, add a few drops of the extract to the water. Take three times a day, maximum 50 drops a day.
St. John's wort increases blood pressure, so it should not be used for hypertensive patients, it is also contraindicated in any form during pregnancy.
After using St. John's wort, you should refrain from exposure to the sun, as it lowers the skin's defense mechanisms from ultraviolet radiation.
St. John's wort can also cause stomach pain if abused. In addition, it can cause temporary impotence during administration, but after application everything goes away!