Flowering apple tree - Malus

Flowering apple tree

The genus Malus includes 30-35 species of small trees, or large shrubs, with deciduous leaves, originating in the northern hemisphere, in Europe, Asia and North America. These are small trees, which reach a height of 4-8 meters when ripe. The foliage is medium-sized, oval, bright green; the crown is dense, round or pyramidal. Between the end of winter and the beginning of summer they produce numerous small star-shaped flowers, with five petals, gathered in corymbs, white, pink or red, with showy light red stamens in the center.
The flowers are followed by small round drupes, the size of plums, yellow, red or orange, which remain on the plant for a long time, very decorative. Unlike fruit apples, modern hybrids of Malus sylvestris, the fruits of flowering apples are not edible, often they are hard and woody, or have a bitter or astringent taste.
However, they are used to prepare liqueurs or cider, or even sometimes to make pectin, a natural thickener. Most of the sepia are self-fertile, so they produce fruit only if there are other malus trees nearby. There are many hybrids and cultivars, with double or very intense flowers, and also varieties with reddish foliage during the autumn months.

Apple cultivation

The plants of flowering apple tree they prefer very sunny positions, and are very suitable as single specimens, so that they can fully enjoy the splendid flowering. They do not fear the cold and can even withstand temperatures of many degrees below zero, given that during the winter these plants are in total vegetative rest. They are therefore also excellent for beautifying the garden and giving that extra touch to the green space you have in front of the house.
These trees do not require great care, and generally during the period in which they produce flowers and leaves the climate is very rainy; in the case of a very dry spring it is advisable to water the plants every week while during the rest of the year these trees are generally satisfied with the rains.

Apple multiplication

The flowering apple plants develop without problems in any soil, preferring soft and well-drained, slightly acid soils. In any case, they seem to be able to adapt to any substrate, even to the common garden soil.
The multiplication of the shrub occurs by seed, using in the spring the small dark seeds that are found inside the fruits, even if these seeds are not always fertile and do not always give rise to plants identical to the mother plant. More often we proceed by taking semi-woody cuttings in the summer, which must be rooted in a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts.

Pests and diseases

As for diseases, we can say that the flowering apple tree fears the attack of numerous parasites that wear down the leaves of the apple tree, the branches, the buds and the fruits.
One of the main problems of the plant is scab, a disease caused by very small fungi that form dark gray and black spots on fruits and leaves of the plant. Another problem concerns the fruit worm, also called carpocapsa. It is an insect that, by introducing itself into the apple, damages it by creating tunnels inside and thus not allowing us to be able to taste the products of our apple tree. Even the spiders are a serious problem for our apple tree! These are real red mites that, moving on the surface of the leaves, suck the sap and weaken the plant. In addition to these, small larvae, fungi and rots are some of the typical problems that could occur if you decide to grow fruit trees like apple trees.